collection F10 - Canadian Western Lumber Company Limited fonds

Zone du titre et de la mention de responsabilité

Titre propre

Canadian Western Lumber Company Limited fonds

Dénomination générale des documents

  • Document textuel
  • Document iconographique
  • Document cartographique
  • Dessin technique

Titre parallèle

Compléments du titre

Mentions de responsabilité du titre

Notes du titre

Niveau de description

collection

Cote

CA CCOQ F10

Zone de l'édition

Mention d'édition

Mentions de responsabilité relatives à l'édition

Zone des précisions relatives à la catégorie de documents

Mention d'échelle (cartographique)

Mention de projection (cartographique)

Mention des coordonnées (cartographiques)

Mention d'échelle (architecturale)

Juridiction responsable et dénomination (philatélique)

Zone des dates de production

Date(s)

  • 1954 - 1987 (Production)
    Producteur
    Crown Zellerbach Ltd.
  • 1902 - [ca. 1999] (Production)
    Producteur
    Canadian Western Lumber Company Limited

Zone de description matérielle

Description matérielle

1.56 m of textual records
724 photographs : multiple processes ; b&w and col. ; multiple dimensions
63 technical drawings : diazo print ; multiple dimensions
7 ledgers : multiple dimensions
4 bound volumes : multiple dimensions
1 bound volume : 40 x 50 cm (includes 107 architectural plans and 5 maps)

Zone de la collection

Titre propre de la collection

Titres parallèles de la collection

Compléments du titre de la collection

Mention de responsabilité relative à la collection

Numérotation à l'intérieur de la collection

Note sur la collection

Zone de la description archivistique

Nom du producteur

(1899-1992)

Histoire administrative

In 1889, the Ross, McLaren Mill was opened at Millside, an area near New Westminster, British Columbia. The mill had cost $350,000 to build, and was headed by President James McLaren, a Quebec timber investor and President of the Bank of Ottawa, and Vice-President Frank Ross. Production at the mill began in 1890. In addition to new facilities and a large amount of capital to support it, the mill also possessed the transportation benefits of frontage on the Fraser River and a spur line to the Canadian Pacific Railway system. However, despite these advantages, the mill soon faced several events that affected its production in a negative way. In addition to the death of McLaren, the mill also experienced a decreased demand for timber due to a general economic depression in 1892. Even when other mills began to recover in 1895, Ross, McLaren’s productivity was curtailed by the silting of the Fraser River, which made it impossible for large vessels to reach the mill.

All of these factors contributed to the company’s decision in 1899 to place the mill and its timber rights up for sale. An American investment syndicate, headed by Lester David of Seattle and Mr. Jenkins of Minneapolis eventually purchased the mill in 1903. The new owners sought to resolve the mill’s difficulties by dyking the area, and holding the federal government accountable for dredging the Fraser River channel and ensuring its accessibility to ships. Now called Fraser River Saw Mills, the mill was finally re-opened in 1905, as the largest mill in the Pacific Northwest. By 1906, the mill was already setting records for production levels and over 250 labourers were employed. As a result of the increased production levels and staff, both the mill and Millside were expanded; this included the construction of the Fraser Mills Sash, Door & Shingle Company Limited.

Production at the mill was so high by 1907, in fact, that the mill was nearly shut down due to a lack of available labour. The mill was taken over by an investment syndicate headed by A.D. McRae of Winnipeg and Senator Peter Jansen of Nebraska. The new owners instituted a major re-organization of the business. A half million dollar renovation and expansion of the original mill buildings was implemented and improvements made to increase transportation access to the mill via the Fraser River. The name of the town was changed from Millside to Fraser Mills.

The re-organization of the business culminated in 1910, with the purchase of enough timber rights in the Lower Mainland and on Vancouver Island for the company, now called the Canadian Western Lumber Company Limited, to be considered to have the largest private holdings in the world. Through direct or indirect purchase, the Canadian Western Lumber Company Limited acquired full or partial ownership of the following companies by 1916: Canadian Tugboat Company Limited; Coast Lumber & Fuel Company Limited; Coast Lumber Yards Limited; The Columbia River Company Limited; Columbia Western Lumber Yards Ltd.; Comox Logging and Railway Company; Crown Lumber Company, Limited; Fraser Mills Sash, Door, and Shingle Company Limited; Lumber Manufacturers’ Yard Limited; Security Lumber Company Limited.; and Western Canada Sawmill Yards Limited. Later acquisitions include The Golden Light, Power and Water Company Limited. In 1954, the Canadian Western Lumber Company, Limited was acquired by Crown Zellerbach Canada Limited. The immediate successor company to Crown Zellerbach Canada Limited was Fletcher Challenge Limited of New Zealand, which purchased the company in 1983 and, with further acquisitions, became Fletcher Challenge Canada Limited in 1987. In 2000, Norske Skog, a Norwegian paper company, acquired all of Fletcher Challenge's pulp and paper assets, and a majority interest in Fletcher Challenge Canada Limited. This resulted in the formation of Norske Skog Canada Limited.

Nom du producteur

(1954-1983)

Histoire administrative

Historique de la conservation

The material was transferred from the Coquitlam Heritage Society who received the material, by donation, from Mr. James R. Brozer on January 17th, 2014. Mr. Brozer rescued the material when the company closed and maintained it in his basement for many years. The fonds was transferred to the City of Coquitlam Archives on May 7, 2014.

Portée et contenu

The fonds consists of correspondence, financial ledgers, manuals, personnel files, photograph prints, and slides relating to the Canadian Western Lumber Company Limited., its predecessor, subsidiary, and successor companies (e.g. Crown Zellerbach and International Forest Products).

Zone des notes

État de conservation

Some ledgers and bound volumes show signs of mould and significant folding and tears. Consult finding aids and lower level descriptions for more details on physical condition.

Classement

Fonds arranged into series according to the content of the files as well as the company responsible for creating the records.

Langue des documents

  • anglais

Écriture des documents

Localisation des originaux

Disponibilité d'autres formats

Restrictions d'accès

Some files contain personal information. See the Reference Archivist for more information.

Délais d'utilisation, de reproduction et de publication

Ask the archivist for assistance moving bound ledgers to minimize further damage to the degrading records.

Instruments de recherche

Éléments associés

Related material can be found at the University of British Columbia's Rare Books and Special Collections. See fonds RBSC-ARC-1111- Canadian Western Lumber Company, Limited.

Accroissements

Further accruals are possible.

Identifiant(s) alternatif(s)

Zone du numéro normalisé

Numéro normalisé

Mots-clés

Mots-clés - Sujets

Mots-clés - Noms

Mots-clés - Genre

Zone du contrôle

Zone des entrées